Types of Robot-Assisted Procedures
Modern technology has allowed for the use of robotic arms in surgical procedures, resulting in a less invasive and more precise approach to a wide variety of operations. For surgeries that do not require open access, the use of robots, endoscopes, and monitors allows the incisions to remain very small. This minimally-invasive surgical approach has been shown to decrease scarring, recovery times, risk of infection, blood loss, and trauma to the body. Read on to learn more about the common types of robot-assisted surgical procedures.
- Cardiac procedures
Robots can assist surgeons to repair the mitral valve of the heart, effectively treating stenosis (narrowing) and regurgitation, or leakage, of the valve. Robot-assisted surgery may also be used to treat blockages in the heart’s arteries, angina, and septal defects and to place biventricular pacemaker leads. These leads are utilized to treat heart failure due to atrial fibrillation by electrically maintaining a normal heart rhythm.
- Thoracic procedures
Thoracic surgery is performed on the chest, but does not include surgery to the heart. Robot-assisted surgeries to the chest are performed through tiny keyhole incisions. Some of the procedures that typically utilize robot technology include: thymectomy (removal of the thymus gland), lobectomy (removal of a lung lobe), esophagectomy (removal of the esophagus), mediastinal tumor resection, and sympathectomy (removal of part of the sympathetic nerve).
- Urologic procedures
The urologic system consists of the kidneys, ureter, bladder, prostate (males), and urethra. Robots are typically utilized to aid in prostatectomy, cystectomy, and nephrectomy or in the removal of the prostate gland, bladder, or kidney respectively. This technology can also be used to disconnect and reinsert the ureter from the bladder to keep urine from flowing backwards, known as a ureteral reimplantation.
Riverside Community Hospital utilizes robots in many surgical procedures to allow our surgeons to achieve a greatly improved range of motion and increased precision. If you would like to know more about robot-assisted surgery, contact our friendly staff at (951) 788-3000.