Understanding How Bariatric Surgery Can Improve Type 2 Diabetes
Obesity is associated with a number of serious health problems that may be dramatically improved with weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common conditions related to obesity—particularly among the Hispanic community—and it may be a motivating factor if you are considering bariatric surgery to help you achieve a healthy weight. Accompanied by the diet and exercise changes needed to successfully lose weight after surgery, bariatric surgery has the potential to cause type 2 diabetes to go into remission, or at least have significant improvement in symptoms. Below, you can get a closer look at the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in treating diabetes among morbidly obese individuals.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
Individuals who are obese tend to have higher insulin resistance, which affects the body’s ability to process sugar. Over time, insulin resistance may develop into type 2 diabetes, especially in those with sedentary lifestyles and poor diets. In about 90% of type 2 diabetes patients, excess body fat is a factor in the disease’s progression.
Diabetic improvements in bariatric surgery patients
In about 78% of patients who undergo bariatric surgery, type 2 diabetes goes into remission by bringing blood sugar to normal levels and eliminating the need for diabetes medication. Nearly 90% of patients will see some improvement in diabetes with lower blood sugar, reduced medication usage, and lower rates of diabetes complications.
Types of bariatric surgery
Different types of bariatric surgery affect diabetes differently. Gastric bypass, which has the fastest rate of weight loss associated with it, leads to diabetes remission in about 80% of patients. In gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy, diabetes remission occurs in about 45-60% of patients.
There are many life-changing effects that bariatric surgery can have, but it is important to fully understand the risks and lifestyle changes that can come with surgery as well. If you are considering surgical weight loss, connect with Riverside Community Hospital to sign up for a bariatric surgery information session at our hospital.